Consists of 11 players with up to 2 substitutes

Start of Play

A kick off is taken

  • At the beginning of the game
  • To start the second half
  • After a goal is scored (by the team losing the goal)

All players must be in their own half (defending half of the ground) and the ball is played forward into the opponents half of the field and cannot be touched again by the kicker until another player has touched it


When the whole of the ball has passed over the goal line between the goal posts and under the crossbar

Fouls and Misconduct

A direct free kick is awarded if a player intentionally

  • Kicks (or attempts to kick) an opponent
  • Trips an opponent
  • Charges an opponent violently
  • Charges an opponent from behind
  • Strikes (or attempts to strike) an opponent
  • Holds an opponent
  • Pushes an opponent
  • Handles the ball in any way

The kick is taken from where the infringement occurred and a goal can be scored directly from the kick

Penalty Kick

A penalty kick is awarded if a player commits any of the previously mentioned offences within the penalty area. It is taken from the 12 yard spot and all other players must be outside of the penalty area

Indirect Free Kick

An indirect free kick is awarded if a player

  • Plays in a dangerous manner (e.g. tries to kick the ball held by the keeper)
  • Charges a player fairly but not within playing distance of the ball
  • Obstructs an opponent deliberately when not playing the ball
  • Charges the goalkeeper except when they are holding the ball, obstructing a player, or is outside the goal area

Goal Kick

If an attacker plays the ball over the goal line a goal kick is taken by a defender (usually the goalkeeper but not necessarily) from within the half of the goal area where the ball went out. The ball must be kicked beyond the penalty area, a goal cannot be scored directly and the keeper is not permitted to kick the ball to themselves.

Corner Kick

If a defender plays the ball over their own goal line a corner kick is then taken by an attacker from the nearest corner to where the ball went out. A goal can be scored from a corner kick.

Throw In

If the ball goes completely over the sideline it is thrown in by a player on the other team. The player taking the throw must;

  • Face the field
  • Keep both feet on the ground and outside the line
  • Use both hands
  • Throw the ball from above the head
  • Not touch the ball again until another player has touched it


A player is offside if they are closer to their opponents goal line than the ball at the moment the ball has been played, unless;

  • In their own half of the field
  • There are two or more opponents closer to the goal line
  • The ball last touched an opponent or them
  • The ball is received directly from a goal kick, corner kick or throw in

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